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倾听雪域高原阔步前进的足音

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月18日 10:47:14
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(  9月)(,西)(藏)(各)(族)(各)(界)(迎)(来)(自)(治)(区)(成)(立)(50周)(年)(。从)(雅)(砻)(河)(谷)(到)(藏)(北)(高)(原)(,从)(象)(雄)(故)(里)(到)(尼)(洋)(河)(畔)(,西)(藏)(各)(地)(无)(不)(洋)(溢)(着)(节)(日)(的)(气)(氛)(。记)(者)(奔)(走)(在)(雪)(域)(高)(原)(,进)(农)(家)(、入)(牧)(户)(,上)(工)(厂)(、下)(口)(岸)(,也)(无)(时)(不)(感)(受)(着)(这)(块)(古)(老)(土)(地)(在)(基)(础)(设)(施)(建)(设)(、特)(色)(产)(业)(发)(展)(、民)(生)(改)(善)(、生)(态)(保)(护)(等)(方)(面)(所)(取)(得)(的)(巨)(大)(成)(就)(,感)(受)(着)(各)(族)(人)(民)(为)(建)(设)(美)(好)(家)(园)(迸)(发)(出)(来)(的)(昂)(扬)(激)(情)(。
  一)(个)(崭)(新)(的)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(新)(西)(藏)(,正)(在)(雪)(域)(高)(原)(崛)(起)(。
  藏)(族)(干)(部)(为)(主)(体)(,充)(分)(行)(使)(各)(项)(事)(务)(管)(理)(权)(力)(
  1965年)(9月)(,西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(成)(立)(,西)(藏)(人)(民)(从)(此)(享)(有)(了)(自)(主)(管)(理)(本)(民)(族)(事)(务)(的)(权)(利)(,各)(民)(族)(在)(政)(治)(、经)(济)(、文)(化)(、教)(育)(、宗)(教)(上)(享)(受)(平)(等)(权)(利)(。当)(年)(,西)(藏)(约)(92%的)(地)(方)(建)(立)(了)(以)(翻)(身)(农)(奴)(和)(奴)(隶)(为)(主)(的)(乡)(人)(民)(政)(权)(。自)(治)(区)(第)(一)(届)(人)(民)(代)(表)(大)(会)(召)(开)(时)(,藏)(族)(等)(少)(数)(民)(族)(代)(表)(占)(到)(80%以)(上)(。
  30岁)(的)(达)(娃)(是)(米)(林)(县)(南)(伊)(珞)(巴)(民)(族)(乡)(琼)(林)(村)(党)(支)(部)(书)(记)(、村)(委)(会)(主)(任)(,于)(2012年)(当)(选)(为)(自)(治)(区)(人)(大)(代)(表)(。这)(些)(年)(,他)(先)(后)(就)(人)(口)(较)(少)(民)(族)(的)(传)(统)(文)(化)(延)(续)(、特)(困)(学)(生)(教)(育)(、干)(部)(培)(养)(等)(问)(题)(提)(出)(议)(案)(,件)(件)(有)(回)(音)(。“各)(方)(很)(重)(视)(我)(的)(提)(案)(,珞)(巴)(族)(群)(众)(从)(我)(身)(上)(看)(到)(了)(人)(大)(代)(表)(的)(作)(用)(,我)(自)(己)(也)(很)(有)(成)(就)(感)(。”
  半)(个)(世)(纪)(以)(来)(,西)(藏)(各)(族)(人)(民)(参)(与)(民)(主)(政)(治)(建)(设)(的)(热)(情)(持)(续)(高)(涨)(,参)(选)(率)(不)(断)(提)(高)(。2012年)(四)(级)(人)(大)(换)(届)(选)(举)(中)(,参)(选)(率)(达)(到)(94%以)(上)(。据)(统)(计)(,藏)(族)(和)(其)(他)(少)(数)(民)(族)(的)(人)(大)(代)(表)(始)(终)(在)(全)(区)(各)(级)(人)(大)(代)(表)(中)(占)(绝)(对)(多)(数)(,全)(区)(4个)(市)(、74个)(县)((区)()、683个)(乡)((镇)()均)(成)(立)(了)(人)(民)(代)(表)(大)(会)(,经)(过)(直)(接)(和)(间)(接)(选)(举)(产)(生)(的)(34244名)(四)(级)(人)(大)(代)(表)(中)(,藏)(族)(和)(其)(他)(少)(数)(民)(族)(代)(表)(31901名)(,占)(93%以)(上)(,门)(巴)(、珞)(巴)(、纳)(西)(、回)(、壮)(等)(民)(族)(均)(有)(自)(己)(的)(代)(表)(。目)(前)(,西)(藏)(共)(有)(全)(国)(人)(大)(代)(表)(20名)(,其)(中)(藏)(族)(和)(其)(他)(少)(数)(民)(族)(代)(表)(占)(70%。
  西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(历)(届)(人)(大)(常)(委)(会)(主)(任)(、政)(府)(主)(席)(、政)(协)(主)(席)(均)(由)(藏)(族)(干)(部)(担)(任)(,7个)(地)((市)()中)(4个)(地)((市)()委)(书)(记)(是)(藏)(族)(干)(部)(,74个)(县)((市)(、区)()党)(政)(“一)(把)(手)(”中)(有)(81名)(藏)(族)(干)(部)(,694个)(乡)(镇)((街)(道)()党)(政)(正)(职)(中)(均)(配)(有)(一)(名)(民)(族)(干)(部)(,各)(级)(党)(政)(机)(关)(中)(藏)(族)(和)(其)(他)(少)(数)(民)(族)(干)(部)(比)(例)(达)(70.4%。
  依)(法)(治)(国)(,依)(法)(治)(藏)(。西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(成)(立)(50年)(来)(,先)(后)(制)(定)(了)(300部)(地)(方)(性)(法)(规)(和)(具)(有)(法)(规)(性)(质)(的)(决)(议)(、决)(定)(,内)(容)(涉)(及)(政)(治)(、经)(济)(、文)(化)(、教)(育)(、自)(然)(资)(源)(保)(护)(等)(。近)(年)(来)(,加)(强)(地)(方)(立)(法)(的)(力)(度)(越)(来)(越)(大)(,凡)(是)(有)(需)(要)(、有)(必)(要)(的)(就)(从)(实)(际)(出)(发)(立)(法)(,例)(如)(,《西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(学)(习)(、使)(用)(和)(发)(展)(藏)(语)(文)(的)(规)(定)(》《西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(环)(境)(保)(护)(条)(例)(》《关)(于)(严)(厉)(打)(击)(“赔)(命)(金)(”违)(法)(犯)(罪)(行)(为)(的)(决)(定)(》《关)(于)(维)(护)(祖)(国)(统)(一)(、加)(强)(民)(族)(团)(结)(、反)(对)(分)(裂)(活)(动)(的)(决)(定)(》《关)(于)(设)(定)(西)(藏)(百)(万)(农)(奴)(解)(放)(纪)(念)(日)(的)(决)(定)(》。这)(些)(地)(方)(法)(规)(为)(西)(藏)(社)(会)(稳)(定)(及)(经)(济)(繁)(荣)(进)(步)(提)(供)(了)(强)(大)(的)(法)(律)(保)(障)(。
  经)(济)(快)(速)(发)(展)(与)(生)(态)(有)(效)(保)(护)(有)(机)(统)(一)(
  西)(藏)(经)(济)(跨)(越)(式)(发)(展)(的)(速)(度)(和)(广)(度)(举)(世)(瞩)(目)(。西)(藏)(地)(区)(生)(产)(总)(值)(由)(1965年)(的)(3.27亿)(元)(增)(加)(到)(2014年)(的)(920.8亿)(元)(,增)(长)(近)(300倍)(。进)(入)(新)(世)(纪)(以)(来)(,从)(2009年)(开)(始)(到)(去)(年)(底)(,西)(藏)(GDP连)(续)(6年)(实)(现)(百)(亿)(级)(稳)(定)(增)(长)(,相)(继)(跨)(越)(400亿)(元)(直)(至)(900亿)(元)(大)(关)(,保)(持)(了)(年)(均)(12%以)(上)(的)(增)(长)(速)(度)(。发)(展)(速)(度)(和)(效)(益)(同)(向)(增)(长)(,西)(藏)(产)(业)(结)(构)(日)(趋)(优)(化)(:一)(、二)(、三)(产)(增)(加)(值)(占)(比)(从)(1965年)(的)(70.9∶6.8∶22.3,转)(变)(为)(2014年)(的)(9.9∶36.6∶53.5。
  符)(合)(当)(地)(特)(点)(的)(优)(势)(产)(业)(的)(崛)(起)(,是)(西)(藏)(经)(济)(发)(展)(中)(最)(大)(的)(亮)(点)(之)(一)(。目)(前)(,西)(藏)(已)(初)(步)(形)(成)(了)(优)(势)(矿)(产)(业)(、建)(筑)(建)(材)(业)(、民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(、藏)(医)(药)(业)(为)(支)(柱)(的)(富)(有)(西)(藏)(特)(色)(的)(工)(业)(体)(系)(。工)(业)(总)(产)(值)(从)(1965年)(的)(0.09亿)(元)(增)(加)(到)(2014年)(的)(150亿)(元)(,年)(均)(增)(长)(16%。“输)(血)(”变)(“造)(血)(”,当)(地)(自)(我)(发)(展)(的)(能)(力)(不)(断)(增)(强)(。
  新)(的)(经)(济)(形)(态)(与)(生)(产)(方)(式)(在)(西)(藏)(经)(济)(发)(展)(中)(所)(占)(的)(比)(重)(越)(来)(越)(大)(。1993年)(,拉)(萨)(成)(立)(了)(自)(治)(区)(第)(一)(个)(证)(券)(交)(易)(中)(心)(,与)(上)(海)(、深)(圳)(等)(证)(券)(交)(易)(市)(场)(联)(网)(运)(行)(,这)(是)(西)(藏)(第)(一)(个)(经)(营)(现)(代)(金)(融)(业)(务)(的)(金)(融)(市)(场)(。1995年)(,西)(藏)(第)(一)(只)(股)(票)(“西)(藏)(明)(珠)(”上)(市)(。截)(至)(今)(年)(6月)(,西)(藏)(上)(市)(公)(司)(已)(有)(12家)(,涉)(及)(食)(饮)(品)(制)(造)(、旅)(游)(、制)(药)(、矿)(产)(开)(发)(、建)(筑)(建)(材)(和)(藏)(医)(药)(等)(各)(种)(行)(业)(。与)(之)(对)(应)(的)(,藏)(语)(在)(这)(些)(年)(里)(增)(加)(了)(很)(多)(诸)(如)(股)(票)(、期)(货)(、债)(券)(、“互)(联)(网)(+”等)(新)(词)(汇)(。
  经)(济)(快)(速)(发)(展)(,但)(净)(土)(与)(绿)(色)(依)(然)(是)(雪)(域)(高)(原)(的)(亮)(丽)(名)(片)(。仅)(2009年)(至)(今)(,共)(落)(实)(投)(资)(56.46亿)(元)(,全)(面)(实)(施)(西)(藏)(生)(态)(安)(全)(屏)(障)(保)(护)(与)(建)(设)(规)(划)(3大)(类)(10项)(生)(态)(环)(境)(保)(护)(与)(建)(设)(工)(程)(。目)(前)(,西)(藏)(已)(建)(立)(各)(类)(自)(然)(保)(护)(区)(47处)(,总)(面)(积)(41.22万)(平)(方)(公)(里)(,约)(占)(全)(区)(国)(土)(面)(积)(的)(34.35%。碧)(水)(荡)(漾)(、绿)(染)(天)(际)(、藏)(羚)(羊)(欢)(跃)(、野)(牦)(牛)(奔)(腾)(……西)(藏)(仍)(然)(是)(世)(界)(上)(环)(境)(质)(量)(最)(好)(的)(地)(区)(之)(一)(。
  护)(绿)(添)(绿)(,最)(大)(限)(度)(减)(少)(对)(环)(境)(的)(索)(取)(,已)(成)(为)(西)(藏)(各)(地)(的)(追)(求)(和)(时)(尚)(。“当)(年)(砍)(伐)(是)(为)(了)(生)(存)(,现)(在)(植)(树)(造)(林)(更)(是)(为)(了)(生)(存)(。”自)(治)(区)(林)(业)(厅)(退)(耕)(办)(工)(作)(人)(员)(介)(绍)(,为)(改)(善)(狮)(泉)(河)(镇)(日)(益)(恶)(化)(的)(生)(态)(环)(境)(,缓)(解)(风)(沙)(对)(居)(民)(的)(危)(害)(,从)(1989年)(开)(始)(,狮)(泉)(河)(镇)(把)(盆)(地)(沙)(害)(治)(理)(列)(为)(头)(等)(大)(事)(。农)(牧)(区)(用)(能)(结)(构)(在)(不)(断)(优)(化)(,西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(能)(源)(研)(究)(示)(范)(中)(心)(主)(任)(吉)(靳)(刚)(说)(,西)(藏)(近)(10年)(新)(型)(清)(洁)(能)(源)(使)(用)(的)(比)(例)(大)(幅)(度)(提)(高)(,农)(牧)(区)(传)(统)(能)(源)(替)(代)(率)(达)(到)(58.7%。
  “宁)(肯)(发)(展)(慢)(一)(些)(,也)(不)(以)(牺)(牲)(生)(态)(环)(境)(为)(代)(价)(”,西)(藏)(将)(环)(境)(保)(护)(纳)(入)(全)(区)(发)(展)(大)(局)(,确)(立)(了)(社)(会)(稳)(定)(、安)(全)(生)(产)(、环)(境)(保)(护)(“三)(条)(底)(线)(”,将)(生)(态)(环)(境)(保)(护)(纳)(入)(领)(导)(干)(部)(考)(核)(内)(容)(,实)(行)(领)(导)(干)(部)(自)(然)(资)(源)(离)(任)(审)(计)(,建)(立)(生)(态)(环)(境)(损)(害)(责)(任)(终)(身)(追)(究)(制)(。“我)(们)(绝)(不)(以)(牺)(牲)(环)(境)(来)(求)(取)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(,为)(了)(保)(护)(环)(境)(,就)(是)(挖)(金)(子)(我)(们)(也)(不)(要)(。”自)(治)(区)(环)(保)(厅)(副)(厅)(长)(张)(天)(华)(斩)(钉)(截)(铁)(地)(说)(。
  “喝)(一)(口)(酥)(油)(茶)(,唱)(一)(首)(藏)(曲)(,把)(幸)(福)(传)(向)(四)(方)(”
  江)(孜)(县)(江)(热)(乡)(班)(久)(伦)(布)(村)(73岁)(的)(旦)(增)(,生)(活)(与)(本)(村)(其)(他)(老)(人)(们)(似)(乎)(没)(啥)(不)(同)(,要)(么)(在)(家)(喝)(茶)(听)(广)(播)(,要)(么)(到)(村)(里)(的)(佛)(塔)(前)(转)(经)(,聊)(天)(、晒)(太)(阳)(。老)(人)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,他)(曾)(在)(本)(村)(的)(帕)(拉)(庄)(园)(为)(奴)(17年)(,那)(庄)(园)(雕)(梁)(画)(栋)(、富)(丽)(堂)(皇)(,贵)(族)(们)(过)(着)(花)(天)(酒)(地)(的)(生)(活)(。而)(14户)(60多)(名)(奴)(隶)(却)(拥)(挤)(在)(面)(积)(仅)(150平)(方)(米)(的)(院)(子)(里)(,干)(不)(完)(的)(牛)(马)(活)(,还)(要)(挨)(打)(受)(虐)(。指)(着)(自)(己)(家)(300多)(平)(方)(米)(的)(二)(层)(藏)(式)(楼)(房)(,说)(着)(儿)(孙)(们)(的)(幸)(福)(生)(活)(和)(美)(好)(未)(来)(,老)(人)(满)(脸)(自)(豪)(……
  “帐)(篷)(如)(蘑)(菇)(般)(在)(场)(地)(上)(撑)(起)(,五)(彩)(的)(帷)(幔)(在)(林)(间)(交)(织)(,喝)(一)(口)(酥)(油)(茶)(,唱)(一)(首)(藏)(曲)(,把)(幸)(福)(传)(向)(四)(方)(。”今)(年)(8月)(雪)(顿)(节)(期)(间)(,家)(住)(拉)(萨)(东)(郊)(的)(罗)(布)(次)(仁)(一)(家)(6口)(,一)(大)(早)(就)(出)(了)(家)(门)(,看)(展)(佛)(、听)(藏)(戏)(、过)(林)(卡)(。中)(午)(时)(分)(,全)(家)(在)(罗)(布)(林)(卡)(架)(起)(了)(帐)(篷)(,尽)(情)(歌)(舞)(,开)(心)(玩)(耍)(。
  各)(民)(族)(亲)(密)(交)(往)(、亲)(如)(一)(家)(,民)(族)(团)(结)(融)(合)(的)(佳)(话)(到)(处)(传)(扬)(。在)(拉)(萨)(市)(堆)(龙)(德)(庆)(县)(流)(传)(着)(一)(个)(“三)(个)(民)(族)(、一)(个)(公)(司)(”的)(故)(事)(。公)(司)(合)(伙)(人)(为)(潘)(钦)(造)(、马)(来)(个)(和)(米)(玛)(次)(仁)(,分)(别)(是)(汉)(族)(、回)(族)(和)(藏)(族)(。6年)(前)(,浙)(江)(温)(州)(人)(潘)(钦)(造)(在)(西)(藏)(开)(办)(了)(水)(泥)(厂)(,而)(来)(自)(甘)(肃)(的)(马)(来)(个)(和)(西)(藏)(本)(地)(人)(米)(玛)(次)(仁)(经)(常)(去)(潘)(钦)(造)(的)(厂)(里)(拉)(水)(泥)(,一)(来)(二)(去)(便)(成)(了)(好)(朋)(友)(。去)(年)(4月)(,三)(人)(合)(伙)(投)(入)(3000万)(元)(注)(册)(办)(了)(物)(流)(企)(业)(。据)(统)(计)(,近)(年)(来)(,西)(藏)(各)(民)(族)(间)(通)(婚)(率)(每)(年)(以)(两)(位)(数)(速)(度)(增)(长)(,通)(婚)(数)(由)(2008年)(的)(666对)(增)(加)(到)(2013年)(的)(4795对)(。
  如)(今)(,雪)(域)(高)(原)(的)(乡)(村)(牧)(场)(到)(处)(都)(是)(“幸)(福)(的)(旦)(增)(”:从)(90%以)(上)(的)(人)(没)(有)(自)(己)(的)(住)(房)(,到)(98.7%的)(农)(牧)(民)(拥)(有)(自)(己)(的)(住)(宅)(;从)(占)(西)(藏)(人)(口)(95%以)(上)(的)(农)(奴)(和)(奴)(隶)(根)(本)(不)(能)(上)(学)(,到)(享)(受)(15年)((幼)(儿)(教)(育)(到)(高)(中)(阶)(段)(含)(中)(职)()免)(费)(教)(育)(政)(策)(;农)(牧)(民)(人)(均)(可)(支)(配)(收)(入)(7359元)(,是)(1978年)(的)(42倍)(;以)(拉)(萨)(为)(中)(心)(辐)(射)(全)(区)(城)(乡)(的)(医)(疗)(卫)(生)(服)(务)(网)(基)(本)(形)(成)(,基)(本)(实)(现)(县)(县)(疾)(控)(中)(心)(全)(覆)(盖)(、乡)(乡)(建)(有)(卫)(生)(院)(、村)(村)(建)(有)(卫)(生)(室)(的)(目)(标)(;西)(藏)(人)(口)(从)(和)(平)(解)(放)(时)(的)(114万)(人)(增)(加)(到)(317万)(人)(,人)(均)(预)(期)(寿)(命)(从)(和)(平)(解)(放)(初)(期)(的)(35.5岁)(提)(高)(到)(68.2岁)(……
  最)(大)(的)(变)(化)(是)(人)(,最)(根)(本)(的)(变)(化)(是)(人)(的)(变)(化)(
  扎)(囊)(县)(朗)(色)(林)(村)(“末)(代)(防)(雹)(师)(”旺)(觉)(,祖)(祖)(辈)(辈)(都)(当)(“拉)(拉)(”—千)(百)(年)(来)(,科)(技)(落)(后)(的)(藏)(族)(农)(民)(把)(防)(雹)(驱)(雹)(的)(希)(望)(寄)(托)(在)(当)(地)(的)(防)(雹)(师)(“拉)(拉)(”身)(上)(。可)(眼)(下)(他)(的)(7个)(儿)(子)(,却)(没)(有)(一)(个)(再)(肯)(跟)(他)(学)(做)(“拉)(拉)(”。上)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(,西)(藏)(农)(牧)(区)(逐)(渐)(开)(展)(人)(工)(防)(雹)(工)(程)(。“防)(雹)(驱)(雹)(都)(靠)(高)(射)(炮)(,那)(家)(伙)(可)(要)(比)(我)(挥)(动)(法)(器)(、默)(念)(咒)(语)(的)(道)(行)(、法)(力)(灵)(验)(多)(了)(,我)(这)(个)(拉)(拉)(该)(休)(息)(啦)(。”旺)(觉)(笑)(着)(说)(。老)(百)(姓)(心)(目)(中)(的)(“神)(人)(”就)(这)(样)(走)(下)(了)(神)(坛)(。如)(今)(农)(牧)(民)(不)(仅)(学)(会)(了)(用)(炮)(驱)(雹)(,在)(日)(喀)(则)(,有)(很)(多)(农)(牧)(民)(精)(通)(拖)(拉)(机)(、收)(割)(机)(等)(现)(代)(农)(机)(的)(操)(作)(,对)(种)(植)(技)(术)(、施)(肥)(量)(、用)(水)(量)(、病)(虫)(害)(防)(治)(了)(如)(指)(掌)(,说)(起)(科)(学)(种)(植)(、现)(代)(营)(销)(等)(头)(头)(是)(道)(。
  “自)(己)(不)(就)(是)(吃)(了)(不)(懂)(法)(的)(亏)(吗)(?”在)(听)(完)(“法)(律)(进)(万)(家)(”宣)(讲)(组)(的)(一)(场)(“妇)(女)(权)(益)(法)(”讲)(座)(后)(,桑)(日)(县)(绒)(乡)(冲)(达)(村)(14组)(的)(德)(吉)(措)(姆)(恍)(然)(大)(悟)(。几)(年)(前)(,与)(她)(没)(有)(领)(过)(结)(婚)(证)(的)(“前)(夫)(”说)(离)(开)(就)(离)(开)(,一)(家)(的)(重)(担)(压)(在)(了)(她)(一)(人)(身)(上)(,苦)(了)(自)(己)(也)(苦)(了)(两)(个)(尚)(未)(成)(年)(的)(孩)(子)(。在)(冲)(达)(村)(,像)(德)(吉)(措)(姆)(一)(样)(没)(有)(领)(结)(婚)(证)(的)(妇)(女)(占)(80%左)(右)(。“我)(们)(这)(个)(民)(族)(过)(去)(基)(本)(上)(没)(有)(法)(律)(意)(识)(,如)(果)(遇)(到)(纠)(纷)(,大)(家)(会)(更)(愿)(意)(找)(亲)(戚)(朋)(友)(、德)(高)(望)(重)(的)(长)(辈)(,或)(寺)(庙)(的)(活)(佛)(来)(调)(解)(做)(工)(作)(。不)(要)(说)(进)(法)(院)(打)(官)(司)(,有)(的)(人)(甚)(至)(连)(律)(师)(事)(务)(所)(都)(不)(好)(意)(思)(进)(。只)(要)(诉)(讼)(,他)(们)(会)(觉)(得)(丢)(人)(,很)(没)(有)(面)(子)(,不)(管)(原)(告)(还)(是)(被)(告)(都)(会)(这)(样)(想)(。”西)(藏)(第)(一)(位)(女)(律)(师)(央)(金)(说)(。从)(上)(世)(纪)(90年)(代)(开)(始)(,民)(事)(案)(件)(、经)(济)(案)(件)(逐)(渐)(增)(加)(,更)(多)(的)(人)(开)(始)(愿)(意)(在)(法)(律)(框)(架)(下)(来)(寻)(找)(解)(决)(问)(题)(的)(办)(法)(。
  直)(至)(上)(世)(纪)(90年)(代)(初)(,西)(藏)(大)(部)(分)(农)(牧)(民)(没)(有)(任)(何)(金)(融)(意)(识)(:有)(钱)(不)(存)(银)(行)(,无)(钱)(也)(不)(借)(贷)(。农)(行)(仲)(巴)(县)(支)(行)(帕)(羊)(镇)(营)(业)(所)(刚)(建)(立)(时)(发)(现)(,当)(地)(群)(众)(根)(本)(不)(到)(银)(行)(存)(款)(,更)(没)(有)(贷)(款)(的)(想)(法)(。每)(年)(卖)(了)(牛)(羊)(后)(,牧)(民)(们)(就)(把)(现)(金)(、金)(银)(或)(塞)(在)(墙)(缝)(里)(,或)(埋)(在)(地)(下)(,等)(需)(要)(购)(买)(草)(料)(、牲)(畜)(时)(再)(从)(地)(下)(挖)(。有)(时)(记)(不)(清)(埋)(藏)(地)(点)(找)(不)(到)(了)(,他)(们)(就)(说)(钱)(财)(会)(走)(路)(,自)(己)(跑)(掉)(了)(。如)(今)(,西)(藏)(农)(牧)(民)(金)(融)(意)(识)(大)(幅)(增)(强)(。截)(至)(今)(年)(3月)(末)(,农)(行)(西)(藏)(分)(行)(贷)(款)(余)(额)(达)(114.21亿)(元)(,占)(全)(行)(涉)(农)(贷)(款)(的)(59.43%,覆)(盖)(全)(区)(90%以)(上)(的)(农)(牧)(户)(。目)(前)(,西)(藏)(已)(成)(为)(全)(国)(农)(户)(信)(用)(贷)(款)(覆)(盖)(率)(最)(高)(的)(地)(区)(。
  著)(名)(学)(者)(、现)(西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(政)(府)(副)(秘)(书)(长)(旦)(增)(伦)(珠)(感)(慨)(地)(说)(,西)(藏)(50年)(社)(会)(巨)(变)(,最)(大)(的)(变)(化)(是)(人)(的)(变)(化)(,最)(根)(本)(的)(变)(化)(也)(是)(人)(的)(变)(化)(,而)(变)(化)(的)(最)(大)(动)(力)(来)(自)(于)(人)(们)(对)(幸)(福)(的)(追)(求)(。
  《人)(民)(日)(报)(》(2015年)(09月)(08日)(10版)()
)


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